THE CROWN HOTEL

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1383007
Date first listed:
12-Nov-1953
Statutory Address:
THE CROWN HOTEL, 4 AND 6, MARKET PLACE

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
THE CROWN HOTEL, 4 AND 6, MARKET PLACE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Somerset
District:
Mendip (District Authority)
Parish:
Wells
National Grid Reference:
ST 55010 45752

Details

WELLS

ST5445 MARKET PLACE 662-1/7/144 (South side) 12/11/53 Nos.4 AND 6 The Crown Hotel

GV II*

Nos 8 and 10 Market Place (qv) are also incorporated in the this property. Hotel. Late C16, but incorporating earlier fabric in rear wing. Rendered, probably over timber-frame, clay pantiled triple-gabled roof, the ridges at right angles to the street. PLAN: wide frontage with central carriageway, and with long rear wing to right; plan modified, but double depth each side of throughway, main staircase originally at junction of main range and wing. EXTERIOR: 3 storeys, 3 bays. C20 timber canted bays to ground floor, with throughway under centre bay, flanked by carved timber posts, and a 16-pane light to its right; above this floor a slate pentice roof over a shallow fascia. First and second floors have shallow canted bay windows, of 1+4+1 transomd lights, ovolo mould, with continuous pentice roofs to each level, all windows rectangular leaded. Between both bays at second floor level and bays 2 and 3 first floor are star-leaded upright oval windows in rectangular panels, between bays 1 and 2 first floor a projecting hanging sign on wrought-iron brackets. Throughway enclosed at mid-point, before this traces of moulded jambs in side walls, and on right a chamfered 4-centre archway. Rear elevation has several gables at varying levels, with one wider weatherboarded gable having an early C18 composite sash window of 12+8+12 panes, with very thick glazing bars. Extending southwards a 3-bay wing, 2 storeys with attics, also late C16. Ground floor has a 2-light casement and a part-glazed door, void bay 2, 2-light casement to bay 3. The outer bays at first floor level have square oriel windows of 1+5+1 transomd lights, ovolo-moulded, with hipped slate pentice roofs, set on deep ornamental wood brackets on a carved wall plate, with carved stone panels between the brackets, between these a 5-light mullioned window. Attic windows are 1+3+1 light oriel ovolo-mould mullioned casements, mostly diamond-leaded, the shallow hipped roofs of the first floor oriels reaching the sills of these upper windows, the central oriel on 3 tall carved brackets. Further later extensions southwards. INTERIOR: the ground floor has been considerably modified in detail, but many items of original detail remain scattered through the building. The large room to the right has 2 rough chamfered transverse beams and a C20 fireplace, and is entered through the 4-centred doorway from the throughway. In the rear half is a late C16 chamfered and stopped beam. One room in the wing has one very large rough chamfered beam and a C19 fireplace. The staircase from ground to first floor is of the C20. Within the former throughway is a late staircase, and to the left is a smaller room. At first floor bedroom 2 includes 2 full-width moulded C16 beams. At the junction between the front range and the wing the upper stair is a dog-leg with splat balustrade, square newels and solid string. The main front rooms have plaster frieze and cornice; bedroom 9 has an exposed wind-braced roof, with very steep chamfered braces and heavy purlin to run-out stops, and room 11 a C16 stone fireplace with 4-centred arch. The wing has a corridor to the W (right) side, crossed by beams running through from the bedrooms. HISTORICAL NOTE: these premises, with Nos 8 and 10 (qv) were rebuilt in the late C16 by a canon resident in the Canonical House (The Exchequer) on the site of the Town Hall (qv), in what was then his garden. A small plaque on the front elevation states that William Penn preached here. (Town and Country Planning Working Papers: Scrase AJ: Wells: A Study of Town Origins: Bristol: 1982-).





Listing NGR: ST5501445736

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
483425
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Scrase, A J , 'Town and Country Planning Working Papers' in Wells: A Study of Town Origins, (1982)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 24 May 2007
Reference: IOE01/16372/29
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr John H. Sparkes. Source Historic England Archive
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