17, CHURCH STREET, 1-17, ST PAULS STREET, 1, WEST-EXE NORTH

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II

List Entry Number: 1384903

Date first listed: 14-Dec-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Apr-2000

Statutory Address: 1, WEST-EXE NORTH

Statutory Address: 1-17, ST PAULS STREET

Statutory Address: 17, CHURCH STREET

Map

Ordnance survey map of 17, CHURCH STREET, 1-17, ST PAULS STREET, 1, WEST-EXE NORTH
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Location

Statutory Address: 1, WEST-EXE NORTH

Statutory Address: 1-17, ST PAULS STREET

Statutory Address: 17, CHURCH STREET

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Tiverton

National Grid Reference: SS 95183 12558

Details

TIVERTON

SS9512 ST PAUL'S STREET, Tiverton 848-1/6/273 (North side) 14/12/72 Nos.1-17 (Odd) (Formerly Listed as: ST PAUL'S STREET Nos.1 to 17 (odd), Nos.4 to 18 (even))

GV II

Includes: No.1 St Paul Street WEST-EXE NORTH. Includes: No.17 St Paul Street CHURCH STREET. Terrace of 9 middle-class houses. Architect unknown to date. The houses were erected in the 1860s by Caroline Brewin, John Heathcoat's daughter, married to Heathcoat's business partner, Ambrose Brewin. The rentals were intended to endow the church of St Paul's, built at the end of the street on a site donated by John Heathcoat. The income from the houses was covenanted to the church. MATERIALS: Flemish bond yellow brick, rear elevations purple stone rubble with brick dressings; natural slate roofs; cast-iron window sills, probably made in the Heathcoat foundry; stacks with brick shafts and tapering yellow chimney-pots; cast-iron rainwater goods with downpipes recessed in chases in the front wall. PLAN: one of two terraces, lining St Paul's Street and conceived architecturally as a sight-line to St Paul's Church, which stands at the west end of the street. Nos 1 & 17 have attractive, recessed, rounded corners, echoed in the rounded corners of the slate roofs. Each house is double-fronted with end stacks and a central entrance. The original plan was 2 principal front rooms with a central passage, originally ending in the stair; rear left kitchen, rear right scullery and pantry; rear courtyard bounded by stone rubble wall contains laundry and lavatory. The end houses, Nos 1 & 17, are entered on the returns in St Paul's Square and West Exe North, respectively. No.1 is a shop. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys and attic. Each house has a symmetrical 3-bay front with deep boxed eaves and a central, recessed, round-headed doorway with a rusticated surround and incised Greek key on the doorcase. 4-panel door with fanlight with spoke glazing bars. Outer windows are 16-pane hornless sashes, the central first-floor window is a 12-pane sash. Original attic dormers, 2 to each house, are gabled with slate-hung sides, plain bargeboards and glazed with 2-light casements, 2 panes per light. The rear elevation of the terrace preserves most of the original 16-pane sashes. There have been some rear additions, mostly quite modest in scale. Nos 1 & 17 each have a pilastered Doric doorcase with cornice and deep 3-pane overlight. 4-panel doors match the others on the terrace, all windows are 16-pane sashes. No.1 has a shop front wrapping round the corner. This might be original or later C19. It has end pilasters, reeded below, with sunk panels above and robustly-moulded console brackets. The deep fascia has a moulded cornice. There are 2-light plate glass shop windows on either side of a recessed porch. The lights of the windows are divided by slender mullions, the outer standards with capitals and wrought-iron spandrels. The roof of the recessed porch is supported on fluted cast-iron columns. 2-leaf C20 shop door with deep overlight with upper rounded corners. INTERIOR: Nos 15 & 11 inspected. Both preserve original polished limestone chimney-pieces and original panelled doors. No.11 is remarkably intact throughout with original low cupboards on either side of the fireplace, a stick baluster stair with mahogany handrail, and the original scullery and pantry, as well as the laundry and lavatory in the pitched stone rear yard. HISTORY: these houses have sometimes been confused with Heathcoat's industrial housing for lace makers and other works in Tiverton. Visually they are connected to the industrial housing as relatively plain, although very late versions of the simple Georgian style favoured by Heathcoat, and they do have the cast-iron window sills that characterise many of the factory-workers' housing, and which were probably made in the Heathcoat foundry. Brayshay, however, reports that there is no evidence in the census returns that they were ever tenanted by lace-workers and describes them as "a small middle-class enclave in the midst of an essentially working class district". (Southern History: Brayshay M: Heathcoat's Industrial Housing in Tiverton, Devon: 1991-: 82-104).



Listing NGR: SS9518312558

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 485362

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Brayshay, M, 'Southern History' in Heathcoat's Industrial Housing in Tiverton, (1991), 82-104

End of official listing