War Memorial at Westow Street

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1442618
Date first listed:
27-Feb-2017
Statutory Address:
Westow Street, Upper Norwood, London, SE19 3AF

Map

Ordnance survey map of War Memorial at Westow Street
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Location

Statutory Address:
Westow Street, Upper Norwood, London, SE19 3AF

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Greater London Authority
District:
Croydon (London Borough)
Parish:
Non Civil Parish
National Grid Reference:
TQ3346070484

Summary

First and Second World War memorial in the form of a stone pillar on a pedestal.

Reasons for Designation

The War Memorial at Westow Street, Upper Norwood is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifices they made in the First and Second World Wars; * Architectural Interest: a well executed and imposing Portland stone pillar war memorial; * Group value: with the Church of St Andrew (Grade II).

History

The aftermath of the World Wars saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across the country. One such memorial was raised in Upper Norwood as a permanent testament to the sacrifices made by the members of the local community. It was designed by W B Fagan and unveiled on 29 April 1922 in a ceremony attended by Lord Mayor of London Sir William Treloar, 1st Baronet and Canon W B Taylor. An inscription was added after the Second World War for those who fell in that conflict.

Details

A tall pillar made of Portland stone resting on a plinth which in turn rests on a stone base. The top of the pillar features decorated carvings of a cross between spiral elements. The front face bears the inscription: TO THE / MEMORY / OF THE MEN / OF UPPER / NORWOOD / WHO GAVE / THEIR LIVES IN / THE GREAT WAR / 1914 - 1918 / --- / ALSO / COMMEMORATING / ALL THOSE / WHO DIED IN THE / 1939 - 1945 / WAR. Below this, on the plinth, is the inscription: AS A LASTING MEMORIAL / AN ENDOWMENT FOR THE NORWOOD / COTTAGE HOSPITAL WAS PROVIDED / AND THIS MONUMENT ERECTED. Below this in lower case italic is the (badly eroded) inscription: For their country they died / in [illegible] memory they live.

Sources

Books and journals
Cox, Ronald, At the Going Down of the Sun... An Account of Croydon's War Memorials, (1992), 30
Websites
Croydon Guardian: Campaign launched to honour Crystal Palace war heroes, accessed 14th December 2016 from http://www.croydonguardian.co.uk/news/10971036.Campaign_launched_to_honour_Crystal_Palace_war_heroes/?ref=var_0
Lost Hospitals of London, accessed 14th December 2016 from http://ezitis.myzen.co.uk/norwood.html
War Memorials Online, accessed 14 December 2016 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/143947
War Memorials Register, accessed 14th December 2016 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/10946

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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