Airborne Remote Sensing
The archaeological use of aerial photography continues to transform our knowledge of archaeological landscapes. Newer techniques such as lidar are revealing even more information.
Specialist airborne observers undertake aerial reconnaissance to identify and photograph historic sites, particularly those revealed through cropmarks.
Ground based archaeological air photo interpreters analyse thousands of historic and recent photographs, and 3d data from airborne laser scanning (lidar) to create maps of entire archaeological landscapes.
Historic England continually assesses and encourages the development of new techniques and provides advice on their use for a variety of heritage purposes.
Aerial reconnaissance is used by archaeologists to discover new sites and record changes in the historic landscape
Interpretation and mapping of archaeology on aerial photographs provides better understanding of past landscapes to inform research and management
The use of aerial photographs in archaeological landscape survey.
Find out how cropmarks of archaeological sites are formed.
Lidar is capable of measuring the ground surface with a very high degree of accuracy enabling the recognition and recording of hard to detect features
The use of satellite imagery and multi and hyper-spectral data has potential for the identification of new sites and for heritage management purposes
Within the Heritage sector drones are a remotely controlled, low-level, aerial platform for carrying a range of sensors that are getting increased use
Historic Places Investigation
Top Archaeological Finds-from-the-Air List Shows Aerial Technology is Transforming Understanding of the Past
Top archaeological finds revealed by photography from a light aircraft
Mysterious Neolithic ceremonial monuments, Iron Age settlements, square barrows and a Roman farm have been discovered by Historic England’s flying archaeologists.