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Archaeological Science

See our written guidance on a range of archaeological science topics. You can also access direct advice through our network of local science advisors and subject experts.

  • Scientist in laboratory preparing a sample for radiocarbon dating.

    Science Advisors

    Our Science Advisors (SAs) provide advice on all aspects of the historic environment. Here you can find our contact details and what we do.

  • metalworking experiment

    Materials Science

    Historic England technical guidance covering materials science and technological processes in archaeology.

  • X-ray and photograph of sword and pommel

    Archaeological Conservation

    Historic England technical guidance on archaeological conservation.

  • Reconstruction drawing of medieval tannery

    Environmental Archaeology

    Historic England technical guidance on environmental archaeology, including geoarchaeology.

  • Colour photograph of buggy pulling a "sledge" across a field with germinating crop under a threatening sky heavy with clouds

    Geophysics Advice

    Historic England guidance on geophysical survey techniques.

  • A triple burial dating to the Roman period, being excavated at Stanwick, Northamptonshire.

    Human Remains

    Historic England technical guidance on human remains and information about the Advisory Panel on the Archaeology of Burials in England (APABE).

  • Archaeologist excavating mosaic next to foundation piles

    Preservation in situ

    Historic England technical guidance on preservation in situ.

  • Photograph of tree trunk cross-section

    Scientific Dating

    Historic England technical guidance on dendrochronology, archaeomagnetic dating and luminescence dating