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Materials Science & Industrial Processes

Archaeologists routinely recover evidence for the production of metal and glass objects. Much of this evidence consists of waste materials which are not always easy to identify. Historic England, and its predecessor English Heritage, have produced technical guidance sampling strategies for the recovery of these waste materials, and their subsequent identification and study, This page provides an introduction to these documents.

You can contact our Science Advisors  for direct advice or contact our Material Scientists for advice on specific subject areas.

On 1 April 2015 the part of English Heritage represented on this website changed its name to Historic England. You may notice that some of our content still refers to English Heritage. We are in the process of rebranding, but in the meantime please be assured that all our content and guidance is still current.

Archaeological and Historic Pottery Production Sites

Archaeological and Historic Pottery Production Sites

Published 14 October 2015

This document provides practical guidance on how to investigate sites where pottery production has taken place.

Archaeometallurgy

Archaeometallurgy

Published 30 April 2015

This guidance document provides an introduction to the ways that the archaeological evidence for metalworking is studied.

Science for Historic Industries

Science for Historic Industries

Published 1 November 2006

These guidelines are for archaeologists working on sites of historic industries of the 17th- to 19th-century.

Archaeological Evidence for Glassworking

Archaeological Evidence for Glassworking

Published 20 June 2011

The aim of these guidelines is to help archaeologists to recover, identify and interpret waste from the production and working of glass in Britain, from the Bronze Age to the early 20th century.

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Also of interest...

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    Science Advisors

    Our Science Advisors (SAs) provide advice on all aspects of the historic environment. Here you can find our contact details and what we do.

  • metalworking experiment

    Ancient Technology

    Our experts study the production of metal and glass objects and associated waste (slag). We curate reference collections and offer advice