Heritage Crime Interventions

Prosecutions and Alternative Disposals

This is a general guide to the range of interventions available to assist members of agencies responsible for heritage crime prosecutions or enforcement. It looks in general terms at possible interventions, from prosecution through to the various types of alternative disposal options – both formal and informal – including consideration of anti-social behaviour measures and the restorative justice process.

It is intended to give a short summary of available interventions and to signpost readers to sources of definitive guidance. This guide is not an enforcement policy statement by Historic England, the Alliance to Reduce Crime against Heritage (ARCH) or any of the enforcement authorities within ARCH.

This is an update to the previous version published in 2018.

This guide is part of a suite of guides to help people reduce the threat of crime to England's historic buildings and sites. For more background on the general nature of heritage crime and national and local strategies for tackling it please see the heritage crime web pages.


  • Introduction 
  • What is heritage crime?
  • The need for enforcement 
  • The aims of intervention 
  • Non-prosecution disposals in general 
  • Restorative justice 
  • Available interventions
  • Proceeds of Crime Act 2002
  • Appendix

Additional Information

  • Series: Guidance
  • Publication Status: Completed
  • Pages: 54
  • Product Code: HEAG189


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