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Earthwork on Cleeve Common

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Earthwork on Cleeve Common

List entry Number: 1002084

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Southam

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. As these are some of our oldest designation records they do not have all the information held electronically that our modernised records contain. Therefore, the original date of scheduling is not available electronically. The date of scheduling may be noted in our paper records, please contact us for further information.

Date first scheduled: N/A

Date of most recent amendment: N/A

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: GC 407

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Cross dyke 685m south of Cleeve Lodge.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day.

The cross dyke 685m south of Cleeve Lodge survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, social organisation, function, territorial significance, longevity, maintenance and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 25 September 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a cross dyke situated on the summit of a narrow ridge on the Cotswold Escarpment between a steep natural scarp and the steep upper valley of a tributary to the River Isbourne. The cross dyke survives differentially through its length and is cut in several places by hollow ways or track ways. Forming a gently curving arc of approximately 570m long, at the western end it is defined by a central ditch of V-shaped profile and up to 1m deep flanked on both sides by a bank. The northern bank is up to 3m wide and continues throughout the length as an earthwork whilst the southern bank is up to 5m wide but narrows as it heads east and gradually peters out to form a hollowed terrace. The changes in the configuration of the surviving earthworks are thought to represent up to three separate construction or maintenance phases.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape 117627

National Grid Reference: SO 98672 26282

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002084 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 07:16:49.

End of official listing