Earthwork on Cleeve Common

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002084

Map

Ordnance survey map of Earthwork on Cleeve Common
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury (District Authority)

Parish: Southam

National Grid Reference: SO 98672 26282

Summary

Cross dyke 685m south of Cleeve Lodge.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day.

The cross dyke 685m south of Cleeve Lodge survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, social organisation, function, territorial significance, longevity, maintenance and overall landscape context.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 25 September 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a cross dyke situated on the summit of a narrow ridge on the Cotswold Escarpment between a steep natural scarp and the steep upper valley of a tributary to the River Isbourne. The cross dyke survives differentially through its length and is cut in several places by hollow ways or track ways. Forming a gently curving arc of approximately 570m long, at the western end it is defined by a central ditch of V-shaped profile and up to 1m deep flanked on both sides by a bank. The northern bank is up to 3m wide and continues throughout the length as an earthwork whilst the southern bank is up to 5m wide but narrows as it heads east and gradually peters out to form a hollowed terrace. The changes in the configuration of the surviving earthworks are thought to represent up to three separate construction or maintenance phases.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: GC 407

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape 117627

End of official listing