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Round barrow cemetery at Park Head

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow cemetery at Park Head

List entry Number: 1003098

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Eval

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Nov-1967

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 645

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite some coastal erosion and reduction in the heights of some mounds through past cultivation, the round barrow cemetery at Park Head survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

History

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Details

The monument, which falls into six areas of protection, includes a round barrow cemetery, situated at the summit of a prominent coastal ridge between the headland of Park Head and the cove of Porth Mear. The round barrow cemetery includes six bowl barrows which survive as circular mounds, surrounded by buried quarry ditches from which the construction material was derived. The mounds are dispersed along the cliff edges with the exception of the central one which is slightly further inland. They vary in diameter from 18m up to 36m and in height from 0.6m to 1.7m. The northernmost has a small central excavation hollow and the southernmost has several such hollows. Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-429550, 429551, 429554, 429557, 429560 and 429563

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW8441471305, SW8444371206, SW8447571014, SW8461271264, SW8478671503, SW8481571569

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 03:01:47.

End of official listing