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Standing stones on eastern edge of Furzehill Common

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Standing stones on eastern edge of Furzehill Common

List entry Number: 1003300

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lynton and Lynmouth

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Nov-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DV 717

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

A stone setting on Furzehill Common 1190m NNW of Hoaroak.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include burial mounds (`barrows'), standing stones, stone alignments and stone settings. Stone settings are arrangements of small upright stones placed in roughly geometric patterns, many having a sophisticated layout. They are considered to be almost without parallel in Britain and Ireland. Stone settings were being constructed and used from the Late Neolithic period to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2500-1000BC) and provide rare evidence of ceremonial and ritual practices during these periods. Due to their rarity and longevity as a monument type, all surviving examples are considered to be of national importance.

Despite a few of the original stones being missing, the presence of socket holes indicates their original locations and, as a very unusual and rare type of monument the stone setting on Furzehill Common 1190m NNW of Hoaroak will inevitably hold key archaeological and environmental information regarding its construction, use, ritual practice and its overall landscape context. These monument types are incredibly rare and as such are of great importance to our understanding of the past on Exmoor.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a stone setting situated on an east facing slope on the eastern side of Furzehill Common, overlooking the valley of Hoaroak Water. The stone setting survives as three roughly parallel rows of stones or stone sites laid out in the shape of a parallelogram. Some of the stones are apparently missing or broken, and there are up to three socket hollows and 10 stones remaining standing. The stones range in height from 0.1m to 0.6m. Partial excavations by Chanter and Worth in 1905 showed a socket hole contained trigger stones used to pack an upright stone originally.

Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are scheduled separately.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-35427

National Grid Reference: SS 73894 44707

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1003300 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 03:15:35.

End of official listing