Cold Aston long barrow 200yds (180m) E of Camp Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1003314

Date first listed: 30-Aug-1922

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cold Aston long barrow 200yds (180m) E of Camp Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Cold Aston

National Grid Reference: SP 14345 20645

Summary

Long barrow 250m east Camp Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow 250m east of Camp Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 7 July 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a long barrow situated on the summit of a broad ridge overlooking the valley of the River Windrush. The long barrow survives as a rectangular mound measuring up to 36.5m long, 14.6m wide and 2.1m high although soil and crop marks visible on aerial photographs suggest it might have been longer and some of the mound and certainly its buried side ditches are preserved as entirely buried features.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: GC 8

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape 330515

End of official listing