Bowl barrow at Tolvan Cross

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1004269
Date first listed:
25-Oct-1970
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at Tolvan Cross
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004269.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2019 at 08:40:36.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Gweek
National Grid Reference:
SW 70666 27704

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the height of the mound through past cultivation, the bowl barrow at Tolvan Cross survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on a ridge forming the watershed between the valleys of two tributaries to the Helford River. The bowl barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 18m in diameter and 0.9m high. Its surrounding quarry ditch, from which the material for the construction of the mound was derived, is preserved as a buried feature. The barrow was first recorded by Blight in 1864 who reported it contained a pit lined with spar stones and speculated it to have been the original position of a burial mound associated with the Tolvan Stone. The nearby holed stone is the subject of a separate scheduling.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-427073

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CO 787
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].