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Fogou 70m west of Higher Bodinnar

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Fogou 70m west of Higher Bodinnar

List entry Number: 1004290

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Sancreed

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Jun-1970

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 756

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Fogous are underground passages up to 30m long and 2m wide, usually with side passages and/or chambers. The passages' drystone walls were initially built in a trench, roofed with flat slabs, and covered by earth. Fogous date to the Iron Age and continued in use into the Roman period although there is little evidence for the initial construction of any after the end of the Iron Age. Approximately 12 fogous are known to have surviving remains, their national distribution being restricted to the far west of Cornwall, in West Penwith and around the upper Helford River. They are often associated with courtyard house settlements and with various forms of contemporary settlement sites including rounds and hillforts. The original functions of fogous are not fully understood; safe refuges, entrances, storage areas and ritual shrines have been proposed as possibilities, with particular emphasis on the refuge theory. They form an extremely rare and distinctive class of monument and are important sources of information on the unique nature and pattern of settlement that developed during the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite its apparent collapse, the fogou 70m west of Higher Bodinnar will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, longevity, social organisation, territorial significance, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a fogou, situated on the upper south eastern slopes of Boswens Common. The fogou, known locally as 'Giant's Holt Fogou', survives as buried features, deposits and structures. The main chamber measures up to 18m long with a possible smaller chamber leading off from it at right angles and visible as a trench on the surface. The fogou once formed part of a courtyard house settlement and field system but this is no longer extant. The settlement was drawn by Thomas Tonkin in the early-18th century. In 1738 Borlase visited it and recorded entering a hole, faced on each side with stone and covered with flat slabs. He recorded that the chamber had collapsed in many places but seemed to branch beyond where he could reach. By 1842 Revd Buller recorded that the fogou had been destroyed, and in 1871 the settlement had been largely removed and the stone had been used for hedges. Partial excavation of the settlement produced burnt earth and ashes, pebbles and some Roman copper coins.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-1340567

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW 41514 32298

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 06:45:54.

End of official listing