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Courtyard house 280m north west of Middle Carnaquidden

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Courtyard house 280m north west of Middle Carnaquidden

List entry Number: 1004353

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Madron

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Mar-1968

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 659

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The courtyard house is a building form developed in south west England in the Roman period during the second to fourth centuries AD. It was usually oval or curvilinear in shape, taking the form of a thick coursed rubble wall containing rooms and some storage chambers. A central area - the courtyard - was enclosed by this wall and the rooms and the main entrance opened into it. The courtyard is generally considered to have remained unroofed. Excavations of courtyard houses have revealed paved and cobbled floors, stone partitions, slab-lined and slab-covered drains, threshold and door pivot stones and slab-lined hearths, together with artefactual debris. Excavations have also shown that some courtyard houses developed from earlier phases of timber and/or stone built round houses on the same site. Courtyard houses may occur singly or in groups of up to nine. The national distribution includes over 110 recorded courtyard houses, mostly on the Penwith peninsula at the western tip of Cornwall, with a single example on the Isles of Scilly. Courtyard houses are unique within the range of Romano- British settlement types, showing a highly localised adaptation to the windswept conditions of the far south west of England. Despite being of relatively simple plan, the courtyard house 280m north west of Middle Carnaquidden survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, domestic arrangements, agricultural practices, social organisation, longevity and overall landscape context

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a courtyard house, situated on the lower southern slopes of Carnaquidden Downs. The courtyard house survives as circular courtyard, defined by a stone built wall of up to 1.3m high. It has an attached round room defined by a platform of up to 0.7m high with a partial outer bank. Some archaeological remains in the vicinity are the subject of a separate scheduling.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-423377

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW4660535484

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 11:07:33.

End of official listing