This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Round barrow cemetery 250m south of Wilton Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow cemetery 250m south of Wilton Farm

List entry Number: 1004465


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Pelynt

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Apr-1955

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 409

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite early partial excavation and the reduction in the heights of the barrows through cultivation, the round barrow cemetery 250m south of Wilton Farm survives comparatively well contains an important grouping of bowl barrows which will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the barrows, their longevity, changes in funerary and ritual practices, the development of the cemetery, its territorial significance, the social organisation of the builders, the relative chronology of the barrows and their overall landscape context


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a round barrow cemetery, situated on a prominent ridge overlooking the valley of an unnamed river leading to Polperro, at its confluence with a small tributary. The barrow cemetery includes ten closely clustered bowl barrows which survive as circular or slightly oval mounds which vary in diameter from 22m up to 35m and in height from 0.4m up to 1.4m. The surrounding quarry ditches, from which material to construct the mounds was derived, are preserved as buried features. The cemetery is known by the local name 'Mountain Borrows'. In 1834 ploughing revealed stone, bone fragments and a spearhead. Local enthusiasts then dug exploratory trenches into four of the barrows in around 1840, finding numerous bone fragments, ashes and a couple of implements. In 1845 further excavation revealed evidence for burning, fragments of an urn of Bronze Age date, a small flint and a cist.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-434898

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SX 20030 54415


© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004465 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Aug-2018 at 12:21:41.

End of official listing