Multi-span bridge called Bathford Bridge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004515

Date first listed: 10-Jan-1952

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Multi-span bridge called Bathford Bridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bathford

National Grid Reference: ST 78651 67004

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Multi-span bridges are structures of two or more arches supported on piers. They were constructed throughout the medieval period and beyond for the use of pedestrians and packhorse or vehicular traffic, crossing rivers or streams, often replacing or supplementing earlier fords. During the early medieval period timber was used, but from the 12th century stone (and later brick) bridges became more common, with the piers sometimes supported by a timber raft. Most stone or brick bridges were constructed with pointed arches, although semicircular and segmental examples are also known. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. The roadway was often originally cobbled or gravelled. The building and maintenance of bridges was frequently carried out by the church and by guilds, although landowners were also required to maintain bridges. From the mid-13th century the right to collect tolls, known as pontage, was granted to many bridges, usually for repairs; for this purpose many urban bridges had houses or chapels on them, and some were fortified with a defensive gateway. The Bathford Bridge survives well and is an elegant C17 solution to spanning this section of the By Brook.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a multi-span road bridge situated across the By Brook, close to its confluence with the River Avon. The bridge survives as a stone-built structure with two low semi-circular arches which has been subject to restoration and repair including more extensive works in 1989. Above the southern arch on the western side of the bridge is an inscription which reads: 'These are the names of Sir Thomas Bridges Knight Sir William Bassett Knight Alexander Popham Esq Warricke Banfill Esq Peter Reynan Esq Justices of the Peace Esq Gent Anthony Carew George Clarke John ....... Steven Broad. and Surveyor and George Grumbold and John Woodward John Pearce William Joanes Workmen 1665'.

Sources: PastScape 203358

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: BA 157

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing