Slight univallate hillfort 125m west of Tunley Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004525

Date first listed: 18-Apr-1978

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Slight univallate hillfort 125m west of Tunley Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Camerton

National Grid Reference: ST 68346 59176

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh Marches, central and southern England. They are relatively rare and are important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities. Despite past cultivation, the slight univallate hillfort 125m west of Tunley Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a slight univallate hillfort, situated on the summit of a ridge forming the watershed between the valleys of the Cam Brook and Newton Brook. The hillfort survives as low earthworks and largely buried features and deposits which define a roughly oval enclosed area. The earthworks are visible as a scarp, buried outer ditch and partial rampart bank. To the north only a slight scarp is visible, which increases in height to the south and west where it stands up to 2m high. On the western side only a low rampart bank is visible topping the scarp.

Sources: PastScape 200471

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: BA 170

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing