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Large univallate hillfort with outworks 800m west of White Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Large univallate hillfort with outworks 800m west of White Cross

List entry Number: 1004526

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Bath and North East Somerset

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Stowey-Sutton

County:

District: Bath and North East Somerset

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: West Harptree

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-May-1978

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: BA 172

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Large univallate hillforts are defined as fortified enclosures of varying shape, ranging in size between 1ha and 10ha, located on hilltops and surrounded by a single boundary comprising earthworks of massive proportions. They date to the Iron Age period, most having been constructed and used between the fourth century BC and the first century AD, although evidence for earlier use is present at most sites. The size of the earthworks reflects the ability of certain social groups to mobilise the labour necessary for works on such a monumental scale, and their function may have had as much to do with display as defence. Large univallate hillforts are also seen as centres of redistribution, both for subsistence products and items produced by craftsmen. The ramparts are of massive proportions except in locations where steepness of slope precludes easy access. They can vary between 6m and 20m wide and may survive to a height of 6m. The ditches can measure between 6m and 13m wide and between 3m and 5m deep. Access to the interior is generally provided by one or two entrances which often take the form of long passages formed by inturned ramparts and originally closed by a gate located towards the inner end of the passageway. The entrance may be flanked by guardrooms and/or accompanied by outworks. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Large univallate hillforts are rare with between 50 and 100 examples recorded nationally. Most are located within southern England where they occur on the chalklands of Wessex, Sussex and Kent. The western edge of the distribution is marked by scattered examples in north Somerset and east Devon, while further examples occur in central and western England and outliers further north. Within this distribution considerable regional variation is apparent, both in their size, rampart structure and the presence or absence of individual components. They are comparatively rare and are important for understanding the organisation and regional structure of Iron Age society. Despite some quarrying to the north, the large univallate hillfort with outworks 800m west of White Cross survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial and strategic significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

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Details

The monument includes a large univallate hillfort with outworks, situated on the summit of a prominent hill, overlooking the Chew Valley Lake. The hillfort survives as a rectangular enclosure defined by a single rampart bank standing up to 4.5m high externally and 0.6m high internally with an outer ditch measuring up to 7m wide and 1.5m deep. An additional outwork has been appended on the eastern side in the form of a similarly-defined rectangular enclosure. Partial excavations in 1955 indicated that the rampart banks were largely stone-built with some walling. Within the hillfort, excavation produced post holes, pits, paving, gullies and finds included iron working slag, a saddle quern rubber, Iron Age pottery and animal bone. The hillfort is known locally as 'Burledge Hillfort'.

Sources: PastScape 197270

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: ST 58247 58497

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 05:23:33.

End of official listing