Two round barrows on Beacon Hill
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1006200
Date first listed: 27-Mar-1952
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Mendip (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: ST 63408 46142, ST 63479 46158
Two bowl barrows 245m ENE of Lapwing Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery.
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation the two bowl barrows 245m ENE of Lapwing Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 4 August 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows which form part of a round barrow cemetery situated on the north western summit of Beacon Hill. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches from which the construction material was derived. The western mound stands up to 19m in diameter and 0.5m high. The eastern mound is up to 23m in diameter and 1.7m high with a central excavation hollow and a triangulation pillar on its summit. Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are the subject of separate schedulings.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: SO 238
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:-200256
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing