Two conjoined ring cairns on Synald's Knoll, 140m north-west of OS trig pillar.


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


© Crown Copyright and database right 2021. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2021. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007332.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2021 at 20:40:06.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SO 40293 90283

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

Despite evidence of some disturbance by past exploration, the two conjoined ring cairns on Synalds Knoll survive well and are good examples of a relatively rare class of monument in England. The two cairns will preserve archaeological evidence relating to the use and development of the site and environmental evidence allowing an understanding of the landscape in which it was constructed. The barrows are of similar age to several other sepulchral monuments which occur on The Long Mynd and, as such, contribute information relating to the intensity of settlement and type of land-use in this area of upland during the Bronze Age.


The monument includes the remains of two contiguous ring cairns situated on Synald's Knoll. The more westerly is the larger of the two and is visible as a well defined circular mound of stone and earth construction with an overall diameter of 14.4m. The mound sides rise steeply to form a rounded and partly collapsed stone rim standing up to 1.2m high surrounding a central crater 5m in diameter. This central hollowed area is disturbed and confused as a result of exploration at some time in the past and the maximum depth of 0.7m may be the result of this exploration. However a slight step in the crater sides at 0.2m below the rim edge probably represents the original level of the central platform. The barrow is joined at its south-east quarter to a second smaller ring cairn 9.6m in diameter. This comprises a well defined circular bank of stone and earth construction, 2.5m wide and 0.5m high surrounding a central hollow 4.6m in diameter and 0.3m deep. Athough no longer visible at ground level, a ditch approximately 2m wide, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument surrounds the ring cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Record no. 01241,


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].