Round cairn 380m NNW of Sharpitor summit
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Feb-2020 at 10:38:36.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 55838 70678
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 380m NNW of Sharpitor summit survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The cairn forms a focal point for two stone alignments and is an important constituent part of a diverse group of monuments including contemporary settlements, field systems and other funerary sites.
This monument includes a round cairn situated on a gentle north-east facing
slope overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The cairn mound measures
4.5m north-east to south-west by 3.9m north-west to south-east and stands up
to 0.2m high. Surrounding the perimeter of the mound is a ring of nine stones
with a maximum height of 0.8m. The centre of the cairn has been partially
excavated to reveal a cist orientated north to south. The interior of the
cist measures 1.2m long by 0.55m wide and 0.45m deep.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE30,
National Archaeological Record, SX57SE48,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing