Two concentric stone circles on Langstone Moor

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007550
Date first listed:
27-Jun-1963
Date of most recent amendment:
19-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two concentric stone circles on Langstone Moor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Peter Tavy
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX 55634 78198

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone circles, or circular arrangements of upright stones, were set into the ground and acted as ceremonial and funerary monuments during the later Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2400-700 BC). On Dartmoor they are often found in association with stone alignments and burial monuments such as cairns and cists. The circles may be single or enclose further circles; they may occur as isolated examples or in groups. The 26 examples on Dartmoor form one of the most dense concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. Due to their relative rarity (with a national population of only some 200 examples) and longevity as a monument type, all stone circles are considered to be nationally important.

Despite evidence for stone robbing, restoration and twentieth century military damage, the concentric stone circles on Langstone Moor retain important archaeological information. The interior of the monument is believed to contain deposits sealed by a peat layer, which would provide information relating to the use of the site. This monument forms part of a larger ritual complex, which extends over a wide area and may have associations with the stone hut circle settlement situated a short distance to the south.

Details

This monument includes two concentric stone circles situated prominently on a hill crest overlooking the valley of the river Walkham. The diameter of the inner circle is 20.4m and includes 16 stones of which only seven remain standing. The stones average 1m high and 0.5m square. A single stone standing 3m to the south-west of the circle is the sole survivor of a second outer ring. The interior of the circle is level. These stone circles were partly restored in 1894 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee who re-erected the fallen stones and located four stones in the outer ring.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
20380
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Baring Gould, S, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Second Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, , Vol. 27, (1895), 84
Other
Bowman, A, Single Monument Class Description - Concentric Stone Circles, (1990)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE20,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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