Round cairn on White Raise
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007610
Date first listed: 22-Feb-1993
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Eden (District Authority)
Parish: Shap Rural
National Park: LAKE DISTRICT
National Grid Reference: NY 53468 13440
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre the round cairn on White Raise survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains together with fragments of pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the cairn and upon the old landsurface.
The monument is a round cairn located on a plateau on the open fell a short
distance west of the summit of White Raise. It includes a slightly oval mound
of stones up to 1.5m high with maximum dimensions of 15m by 14m. Limited
antiquarian investigation located calcined bones and fragments of an urn.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22491
Legacy System: RSM
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No 1571, Cumbria SMR, Rafland Forest, (1985)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing