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Round cairn with central cist capstone and inner kerb 935m north-east of Camperdown Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn with central cist capstone and inner kerb 935m north-east of Camperdown Farm

List entry Number: 1007763

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Breward

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Oct-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Feb-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15278

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This round cairn between Dinnever and Louden Hills has survived substantially intact despite minor disturbance from an unrecorded antiquarian excavation near its centre. The form of this cairn is unusual and distinctive, with its inner kerb about a flattened central area with a central cist. The thick peat deposits around the monument will preserve evidence for the environmental context during and after the cairn's construction and use. The proximity of this cairn to other broadly contemporary cairns, ritual monuments, settlement sites and field systems demonstrates well the organisation and development of land use during the Bronze Age and the relationship of funerary practices with settlement and ritual activities among prehistoric communities.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric funerary round cairn with a central cist and an inner kerb situated on the eastern crest of a broad ridge between Dinnever Hill and Louden Hill on north-west Bodmin Moor. The cairn is visible as a low sub-circular mound of heaped rubble, measuring 9.25m north-south by 10.5m east-west, its edges merging into the surrounding thick turf and peat deposits. The sides of the mound rise 0.2m to a flattened upper surface, 6m in diameter and centred slightly south-east of the mound's centre. The perimeter of this upper surface is defined by a projecting kerb of edge-set slabs, up to 0.8m long and rising up to 0.55m high. The largest slabs are in the north-west sector of the kerb while those smaller slabs in the southern half of the kerb are largely or wholly covered by turf. The slabs are generally spaced 0.2m to 1m apart with larger gaps in the north-east and south-west sectors. At the centre of the upper surface is a hollow 2m in diameter and up to 0.1m deep, resulting from an unrecorded antiquarian excavation. On the south-east edge of the hollow, a large rectangular slab lies flat on the mound's upper surface. The slab measures 1.5m by 1.2m with one corner fractured but not removed. The size, shape and position of this slab are typical of a slightly displaced capstone from a central cist, a box-like, slab-built structure within which the burial was placed. Beyond the monument, other prehistoric cairns are located on the adjacent moorland on all sides from Dinnever Hill round to Louden Hill, the nearest being located 200m to the west. Broadly contemporary ritual monuments in the vicinity include the Stannon Stone Circle, 335m to the WNW on the north-west lower flanks of this spur, and the Louden Stone Circle, 450m to the south-east. Prehistoric hut circle settlements, field systems and linear boundaries are situated on the spur from 90m to the west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
consulted 1993, Carter, A./CCRA/RCHME, 1:2500 AP plots and field traces for SX 1279-80; SX 1379-80,
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1972.5,
consulted 1993, Johnson, N.D./Rose, P.G., CCRA Field Survey Record Card for Stannon South; Context 8, (1984)
Mercer, R.J., AM7 scheduling documentation for CO 898, 1972, consulted 1993

National Grid Reference: SX 12899 79873

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 10:27:14.

End of official listing