This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Bell barrow on Shalcombe Down: 500m south west of Shalcombe Manor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bell barrow on Shalcombe Down: 500m south west of Shalcombe Manor

List entry Number: 1007795

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Shalfleet

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Aug-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jul-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21974

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite partial excavation, the bell barrow on Shalcombe Down will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow is one of a number which survive on downland on the Isle of Wight.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow lying in a prominent postion on downland behind Compton Bay. The barrow mound measures 24m north-south by 26m east-west and is 3m high. Beyond the mound is a berm 5m wide and an outer ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become partially infilled over the years but can still be seen as a depression varying between 0.7m and 1.5m deep and 7m wide. The barrow was opened by J Dennett in 1816 who found bronze weapons and a brooch and either bone or ivory ornaments. Evidence for this excavation survives in the form of a deep trench visible in the centre of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. vol 3, (1940), 201,219
Skinner, Rev J, 'The I.O.W. Natural History And Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Natural History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. vol 3, (1940), 105,106
Other
Site No 124, Motkin, D., Isle of Wight SMR, (1983)

National Grid Reference: SZ 39022 85453

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007795 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 04:15:39.

End of official listing