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Round cairn and stone hut circle 950m south of Sourton Tors

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn and stone hut circle 950m south of Sourton Tors

List entry Number: 1007825

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lands common to the Parishes of Bridestowe and Sourton

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-May-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24058

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

In addition to the round cairn, the monument includes a stone hut circle. Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Despite evidence of partial excavation or robbing, the round cairn 950m south of Sourton Tors survives well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was erected. This mound forms part of a dispersed group of cairns situated along the western slopes of Corn Ridge. The stone hut circle also survives comparatively well and provides evidence of a direct link between funerary and domestic activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a round cairn and stone hut circle situated on a narrow natural terrace on a steep west-facing slope overlooking west Devon. The cairn mound measures 16m in diameter and stands up to 0.8m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests partial early excavation or robbing. The stone hut circle lies 7.5m ENE of the cairn and survives as a 1m-wide and 0.3m-high rubble bank surrounding an internal area measuring 3.2m long by 2.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 151
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles,
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

National Grid Reference: SX 54448 88875

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007825 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 10:20:24.

End of official listing