Round barrow 700m south of Low Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007850

Date first listed: 30-Jan-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jan-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 700m south of Low Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Garton

National Grid Reference: SE 96188 58036

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although this barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural activity it is still visible as a mound. Further evidence of the structure of the mound, the surounding ditch, and burials will survive. It will also contribute to an understanding of the wider group of which it is a member.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow, part of a wider group in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. The barrow mound is 1m high and 40m in diameter. It is surrounded by a visible soil mark 5m wide which indicates the presence of a ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the monument. Although this has become in-filled over the years it survives as a buried feature. The barrow mound was opened in 1866 by J R Mortimer, the 19th century antiquarian. During the course of the excavation a central grave 2m deep was found. This contained the skeletons of two women accompanied by grave goods which included a bronze pricker, jet necklaces, and a beaker pot. Three other burials, one accompanied by a pot, and a quantity of cremated bones, were also found. This is one of only two barrows identifiable as upstanding earthworks in this area. Other barrows in the immediate vicinity, which are scheduled separately, have been levelled and survive only beneath the modern plough soil.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21208

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Clarke, D L, The Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, (1970), 507
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 221-4
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 222-4

End of official listing