Hanging Grimston barrow group: a bowl barrow 300m east of Stone Sleights Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007906

Date first listed: 15-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hanging Grimston barrow group: a bowl barrow 300m east of Stone Sleights Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Thixendale

National Grid Reference: SE 80772 61624

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the barrow has been partially altered by agricultural activity, it is still visible as a slight earthwork and was also comparatively well-documented during a campaign of fieldwork in the 19th century. Further evidence of the structure of the mound, the surrounding ditch, grave pits and burials will survive.

The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks in the vicinity of Hanging Grimston. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other parts of the Wolds and from the southern edge of North York Moors. Such associations between monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographichal areas during the prehistoric period. Additionally, some of the barrows in the Hanging Grimston area are distributed parallel to a line later adopted by a Roman road; this distribution implies a degree of continuity of land-divisions from at least the Early Bronze Age into the Roman period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which is the north-easternmost of several situated on Deepdale Wold and Hanging Grimston Wold. This barrow also lies west of the later Roman road between Malton and Brough; the distribution of Neolithic and Bronze Age burial mounds parallel to the road is evidence that the Romans were continuing to use an established prehistoric route across the Wolds. Although altered by agricultural activity, the barrow is still visible as a mound 0.3m high and 22m in diameter. A ditch, from which the material used to construct the barrow was obtained, surrounds the mound and, although the ditch has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible at ground level it will survive as a buried feature. The barrow was recorded and partially excavated by J R Mortimer in 1867; a single cremation buried in a large urn was found beneath the centre of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20572

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905)

End of official listing