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Inchs Cross, 200m south-west of Inchs

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Inchs Cross, 200m south-west of Inchs

List entry Number: 1007969

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Withiel

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 28-Nov-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Jan-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24279

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south-west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a 'latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped with the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or 'wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the 'Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The Inchs Cross has survived well, earlier records indicating no removal from its present position as a marker on a parish church path and a regional route. It forms a good example of a wheel-headed cross; the location of this cross demonstrates well the major function of wayside crosses and shows clearly the longevity of many routes still in use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval wayside cross, known as Inchs Cross, situated near the hamlet of Inchs between Withiel and Roche, on a parish church path and a north-south route across mid Cornwall linking Wadebridge with St Austell. Inchs Cross survives as an upright granite shaft with a round or 'wheel' head, measuring 0.81m in overall height. The head is 0.6m in diameter and 0.2m thick. Each principal face of the head bears a low relief, equal-limbed cross 0.6m high and 0.6m wide, with expanded limbs extending to the perimeter of the head. The rectangular shaft is 0.21m high to the neck, and is 0.37m wide and 0.23m thick. The Inchs Cross stands beside a north-south road leading north in the parish directly towards the church at Withiel, one of several church paths that radiate from that church and village and survive as footpaths or minor roads. On a larger scale, the cross marks the approximate midpoint of a route across mid-Cornwall linking the towns of Wadebridge on the north coast and St Austell on the south. The cross has always been recorded in its present position and in 1896 the historian A G Langdon recorded a belief that much of the shaft lay buried beneath the ground.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Langdon, A G, Old Cornish Crosses, (1896)
Other
AM7 scheduling documentation for CO 205, consulted 1993
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 21485,
Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map; SW 86/96; Pathfinder Series 1346 Source Date: 1985 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SW 99520 63701

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007969 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 09:57:37.

End of official listing