Stone hut circle 500m north of Wedlake Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Jan-2021 at 05:10:14.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- Peter Tavy
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 53900 77944
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
Despite partial excavation, the stone hut circle 500m north of Wedlake Farm survives comparatively well and forms an outlying part of an important enclosed stone hut circle settlement. The hut contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, as such, provides a valuable source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the Moor.
This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the gentle south-facing
slope of White Tor overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook and lying 80m
north of an enclosed stone hut circle settlement. The structure is composed
of stone and earth, measures 6.1m in diameter and is defined by a 1m wide wall
standing up to 0.5m high. The doorway faces north-west and a contemporary
land boundary or reave lies a short distance to the south. Excavations
carried out by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1905 recovered charcoal,
a piece of spar with a fine facet point and some flint flakes. This structure
is one of a large number of stone hut circles scattered around the slopes of
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Baring-Gould, S, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Tenth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, , Vol. 37, (1905)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW102,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing