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Hanging Grimston barrow group: three bowl barrows 350m north-east of Wold Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Hanging Grimston barrow group: three bowl barrows 350m north-east of Wold Farm

List entry Number: 1007977

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Thixendale

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Dec-1929

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Mar-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20570

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the barrows have been partially altered by agricultural activity, they are visible as slight earthworks and were also comparatively well- documented during a campaign of fieldwork in the 19th century. Further evidence of the structure of the mound, the surrounding ditch, grave pits and burials will survive.

The monument includes three adjacent barrows of a closely associated group which have further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks in the vicinity of Hanging Grimston. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other parts of the Wolds and from the southern edge of the North York Moors. Such associations between monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period. Additionally, some of the barrows in the Hanging Grimston area are distributed parallel to a line later adopted by a Roman road; this distribution implies a degree of continuity of land-divisions from at least the Early Bronze Age into the Roman period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows which are among several situated on Deepdale Wold. The three barrows also lie on a line parallel to and 50m west of the later Roman road between Malton and Brough: the general distribution of Neolithic and Bronze Age burial mounds alongside the road is evidence that the Romans were continuing to use an established prehistoric route across the Wolds.

Although altered by agricultural activity so that their edges are indistinct, the barrow mounds are still visible as slight prominences, each up to 0.3m high. Previous editions of the Ordnance Survey map record that the mounds were between 20m and 22m in diameter, although ploughing has spread the mound material; the mound of the northernmost barrow is now at least 36m in diameter, that of the middle barrow 30m and that of the southernmost barrow between 30m and 35m. Ditches at least 3m wide will have surrounded each mound and, although they have become infilled over the years and are no longer visible at ground level, they will survive as buried features. The barrow were recorded and partially excavated by J R Mortimer in 1866; fragmentary burials were found close to the surface but the northernmost barrow had a 1.5m deep grave pit.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905)

National Grid Reference: SE 80640 61209

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007977 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 03:48:43.

End of official listing