Two bowl barrows 450m north-east of Chalk Hill Cottage; part of the Cow Common round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008201

Date first listed: 25-Mar-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Apr-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 450m north-east of Chalk Hill Cottage; part of the Cow Common round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Swell

National Grid Reference: SP 13590 26261

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 450m north-east of Chalk Hill Cottage will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows forming part of a wider round barrow cemetery. The barrows are aligned broadly SE-NW and are situated 450m north-east of Chalk Hill Cottage on the eastern side of Cow Common, a gently sloping plateau with views to the south and east located in the area of the Cotswold Hills. The northern barrow has a mound 21m in diameter and c.0.25m high and the southern barrow is 17m in diameter and c.0.3m high. Each mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. These have become infilled over the years, but survive as buried features c.2m wide. The two bowl barrows belong to a group of at least ten barrows which originally formed the Cow Common round barrow cemetery; one of these has been fully excavated. The monument is associated with concentrations of worked flint and other prehistoric finds such as pottery which have been found in the vicinity.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22871

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. 179, (1960), 132
Other
Reference to barrow cemetery,
Reference to round barrow cemetery,

End of official listing