Palisaded settlement, 200m NNE of Hosedon Linn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008273

Date first listed: 14-Jul-1980

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Apr-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Palisaded settlement, 200m NNE of Hosedon Linn
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Alwinton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

National Grid Reference: NT 91693 08377

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A palisaded hilltop enclosure is a small defended site of domestic function dating to the Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age (c.550-440 BC). Their distribution is largely restricted to north-eastern England, the Borders and southern Scotland. They are generally located on spurs, promontories or hilltops covering areas of less then 0.4ha. The boundaries of these sites are marked by single or double rock-cut trenches which originally formed the settings for substantial palisades. Remains of circular buildings are found within the palisaded areas, along with evidence for fenced stock enclosures. Palisaded sites are the earliest type of defended settlements recorded in the area and are thought to be a product of increasingly unsettled social conditions in the later prehistoric period. They imply an extensive use of timber, confirmation that large areas were heavily wooded at this time. Although the palisades at individual sites may have undergone several phases of replacement or refurbishment it is thought that the tradition of building this type of site spanned only around 150 years. After this the use of earthen banks and ditches to form the defensive perimeter became more common. Excavation has demonstrated that at several sites the earthen defences were preceded by timber palisades. Palisaded enclosures are a rare monument type with fewer than 200 known examples. They are an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern and are important for any study of the developing use of defended settlements during the later prehistoric period. All identified surviving examples are believed to be nationally important.

The palisaded settlement NNE of Hosedon Linn is very well preserved and retains substantial and significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a group of palisaded settlements in the border area of England and Scotland and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of Early Iron Age settlement and activity in the north.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a palisaded settlement of Early Iron Age date situated on the top of a ridge with a southerly aspect. The settlement comprises the remains of at least eight timber houses visible as shallow circular grooves 0.5m to 0.7m wide. The houses range in size from 7m to the largest of 11m in diameter; the two largest houses are bounded by double rings. A slight groove, visible to the east of the houses is thought to represent the remains of an oval rock cut palisade trench which would have enclosed the houses.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25014

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Jobey, G, 'Archaeologia Aeliana 4 ser 50' in Notes On Additional Early Settlements In Northumberland, (1972), 71-73

End of official listing