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Enclosed settlement west of Mid Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosed settlement west of Mid Hill

List entry Number: 1008359

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kirknewton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Apr-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24567

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

The settlement west of Mid Hill is substantially intact. It is one of a number of similar sites in this area and will contribute to the study of Romano- British settlement patterns here.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an enclosed native settlement typical of the Roman period. The settlement is contained within a turf-covered, stone-built bank forming a 'D'shape, which encloses about 0.3ha. It is situated on level ground overlooking a valley to the east and the coastal plains to the north. The bank has an average width of 5m, but at the north side the bank widens significantly to 8.7m. The average height of the bank is 1m. An entrance is visible on the western side and this would appear to be an accessible route into the site from lower ground. Another possible entrance is located on the east side which would provide access from the adjacent valley. The interior of the enclosure is very uneven with several shallow scoops forming house platforms. At least seven hut circles are visible, four of which survive only as slight traces. Two of the hut circles in the southern half of the site have associated enclosures, presumably for controlling stock. The north east angle has a relatively modern sheepfold built on top of another set of hut circle foundations. All hut circles have entrances facing ENE and have average diameters of 9m. The sheepfold is built of roughly dressed stone and measures 7.4m long by 5.7m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NT 87369 29655

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008359 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 11:20:45.

End of official listing