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Medieval moat surrounding High Lodge, 400m north east of Kingstanding Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval moat surrounding High Lodge, 400m north east of Kingstanding Farm

List entry Number: 1008400

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Jan-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21784

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat at High Lodge survives well and, despite having been partially built on, the island will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and use. The site forms an important element of the medieval landscape of Wychwood Forest and represents the focus of an important aspect of its former use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a square water-filled moat around a house known as High Lodge, 400m north east of Kingstanding Farm. It occupies a hill which is one of the highest points in Wychwood Forest. The moat encloses a roughly square island which measures 25m from north east to south west and 23.75m from south west to north east. The moat varies in width on its four sides being up to 3m wide to the north, 5m wide to the east, 6.5m wide to the west and 4m wide to the south. There is a small extension at its south western corner which runs 9m from the corner of the moat and measures 5m wide. This pond bay is believed to be the site of the spring which feeds the moat. The island is entered by a single causeway 2.5m wide which is located in the north eastern corner of the site. The island is currently occupied by High Lodge House and a garden to its rear. The site was known as Mouslins Lodge in 1797 and is shown on a plan of Wychwood Forest and Blandford Park drawn in 1815. Until the late 1800's the lodge was situated within the ancient Wychwood Forest, commanding good views over the surrounding trees. The lodge would have provided a place for hunting parties to stay or rest and was run by a keeper who lived on site. The keeper immediately prior to 1815 is known from estate records to have been called Nevill Masklyn. Excluded from the scheduling are the house and associated outbuilding, the boundary fence, service pipes and their trenches and the surface of the drive although the ground beneath all of these features is included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Oxfordshire: Volume III, (1954), p 330
Other
PRN 1137 note 3, C.A.O., Moat, (1981)
PRN 1137 note 4, C.A.O., Moat, (1981)
Title: Whychwood Forest and Blandford Park Source Date: 1815 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Estate Map in Cornbury House & C.R.O.

National Grid Reference: SP 32150 17284

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008400 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 01:01:24.

End of official listing