Round cairn, 1.1km west of Middle House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008420

Date first listed: 23-May-1994


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn, 1.1km west of Middle House
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Newbrough

National Grid Reference: NY 83464 69675

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some damage to its centre, the cairn west of Middle House survives reasonably well and contains significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a number of cairns situated in an area adjacent to the Roman frontier and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the nature and extent of settlement and activity here before the arrival of the Romans.


The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated in a prominent position on edge of the steep slopes above the Settlingstones Burn. The cairn, composed of stone and earth, measures 8m in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 1m on the eastern side. A hole in the centre of the cairn is the result of partial excavation in the 19th century.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25058

Legacy System: RSM


NY 86 NW 16,

End of official listing