Round cairn, 1.1km west of Middle House
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008420
Date first listed: 23-May-1994
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: NY 83464 69675
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
Despite some damage to its centre, the cairn west of Middle House survives reasonably well and contains significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a number of cairns situated in an area adjacent to the Roman frontier and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the nature and extent of settlement and activity here before the arrival of the Romans.
The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated
in a prominent position on edge of the steep slopes above the Settlingstones
Burn. The cairn, composed of stone and earth, measures 8m in diameter and
stands to a maximum height of 1m on the eastern side. A hole in the centre
of the cairn is the result of partial excavation in the 19th century.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 25058
Legacy System: RSM
NY 86 NW 16,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing