Round cairn, 1.34km west of Middle House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008422

Date first listed: 23-May-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn, 1.34km west of Middle House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Newbrough

National Grid Reference: NY 83254 69756

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairn west of Middle House survives well and contains significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a number of cairns situated in an area adjacent to the Roman frontier and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the nature and extent of settlement and activity here before the arrival of the Romans.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date, situated on the northern edge of steep slopes above the Settlingstones Burn. The cairn, of earth and stone, measures 9m in diameter and stands to a maxium height of 1m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25060

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
NY 86 NW 16,

End of official listing