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Bowl barrow 50m south-east of the `Sanctuary' forming part of the Overton Hill round barrow cemetery.

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 50m south-east of the `Sanctuary' forming part of the Overton Hill round barrow cemetery.

List entry Number: 1008459

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: West Overton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Jul-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Jun-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21722

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation the monument survives well as a fine example of its class. The barrow is well documented as one of the Anglo-Saxon `Seofon beorgas' and is part of the nationally important Overton Hill round barrow cemetery.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 50m south-east of the `Sanctuary' on a south facing spur, overlooking the Kennet valley to the south. The barrow mound measures 23m in diameter and stands up to 3.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch has been filled in over the years by cultivation but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow was partly excavated in the early 1800s by Colt Hoare who found a well preserved crouched inhumation burial. This was accompanied by a flat bronze dagger, a small flat bronze axe, a crutch-headed pin and all were contained in a hollowed-out tree trunk coffin. The barrow is located at the southern end of a line of seven Bronze Age barrows located on the southern end of Overton Hill. The site is known locally as `Sevenbarrow Hill' and was called `Seofon beorgas' (Seven barrows) in Anglo-Saxon charters.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, Round Barrows of Wiltshire, (1957), 153
Other
SU 16 NW 15 a, Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, West Overton 1 Bowl Barrow, (1973)
SU16NW657, CAO, Bowl barrow (SU16NW657), (1989)

National Grid Reference: SU 11893 67974

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008459 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 12:54:22.

End of official listing