Round barrow 520m north west of Keepers Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008482

Date first listed: 05-Aug-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Aug-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 520m north west of Keepers Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: East Ayton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 99513 87265

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This barrow survives reasonably well and it will retain information on the manner and duration of its use. It is one of a group of barrows in the area, and will contribute to an understanding of the development and use of this group.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a prehistoric round barrow. It is visible as a low stone cairn 16m in diameter and 0.7m high. The cairn has the appearance of a flat platform with a slight stone bank forming its periphery. This shape is unusual and it is not clear to what extent this is due to stone being robbed from its centre or, alternatively, from stone being dumped around its edge. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21062

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
03718, North Yorkshire SMR (03718), (1990)

End of official listing