Moat, fishpond, enclosures, hollow way and postmill mound 600m north-west of Barland Fields

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008557

Date first listed: 23-Jun-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moat, fishpond, enclosures, hollow way and postmill mound 600m north-west of Barland Fields
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Rushcliffe (District Authority)

Parish: Kinoulton

National Grid Reference: SK 67351 29362

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.



The moated site of Kinoulton and its associated remains survive reasonably well and may have been the site of a monastic grange. The range of surviving features illustrates the diversity of this monument class. Below ground remains of the buildings and other features which formerly existed will survive within the moated site and, as demonstrated by limited excavations, in the associated enclosures.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument south of Kinoulton village includes a moated site and an attached fishpond, a series of enclosures surrounding the moat, a hollow way, a postmill mound and the sites of ancillary buildings. The moated site has an irregularly shaped island measuring 66m along the south side, 18m along the west side, 43m along the north side and 42m along the east side. It is surrounded by a ditch with an average width of 9m and a shallow V-shaped profile. The depth of the ditch varies between 1m and 2m, the deepest sides being to the north and south. To the east of the moat there is a platform, which measures 24m square, and a second platform to the south of that one, which measures 24m from east to west by 6m from north to south. These two platforms are separated by an 8m wide rectangular fishpond which is 0.75m deep and open both to the moat and to another 9m wide ditch which extends along the east side of the two platforms. Wooden sluice gates would have controlled these two outlets and it is possible that the remaining ditches also functioned as fishponds. The easternmost ditch levels out at its north end so that there is access onto the larger platform along most of its north side. A narrower ditch extends eastwards off the moat along the south side of the smaller platform and forms a boundary for an enclosure to the south. The island and the two platforms would have been the sites of timber buildings dating to the medieval period. On the island, an area of surface disturbance shows where some of the material from these buildings was cleared away in the past. Extending from the north-west corner of the moat is an old hedgeline which follows a hollow way or sunken track leading from the north. This trackway prescribes a right-angle round the edge of the enclosure north of the moat where a partial excavation has revealed the foundations of timber-framed buildings. A further larger enclosure exists to the east of the moat and the east side of this is formed by a long platform which marks the site of a range of buildings surrounded by a robbed-out wall trench. This enclosure, like all those associated with the moat, is roughly square and bounded by ditches and low banks which are the grassed-over footings of stone walls. Further enclosures exist to the north and west, and in some cases are sub-divided by slighter banks. These enclosures represent stock-pens and gardens, while the buildings will have included such ancillary structures as barns and granaries. To the west of the moat there is a roughly circular mound measuring c.0.75m high and with a diameter of c.5m. This feature, which is flat-topped and slightly dished in the middle, is interpreted as the mound of a post-mill. Though not included in the scheduling, the earthwork remains of medieval ridge and furrow ploughing can be seen north of the monument. These former ploughed fields will have been the source of the grain ground by the mill. There is some evidence to suggest that the site was a grange or monastic farm belonging either to Launde Abbey in Leicestershire or Swineshead in Lincolnshire.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23210

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Nottinghamshire: Volume I, (1906), 310
Other
22993, 22995 (DOE), H Tempest (Industrial) Ltd, Nottingham,

End of official listing