Long barrow 400m NW of Steeple Cross
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2019 at 01:54:24.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- North Yorkshire
- Hambleton (District Authority)
- National Park:
- NORTH YORK MOORS
- National Grid Reference:
- SE 49155 90333
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Significant information about the original form, burials placed within it and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mound will be preserved. The monument is associated with a group of round barrows and later prehistoric linear earthworks thought to mark a prehistoric boundary. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the north and central areas of the North York Moors providing important insight into burial practices. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.
The monument includes a long barrow orientated north west to south east
situated on the west edge of Arden Little Moor. It lies in close proximity to
a group of round barrows and a series of prehistoric linear earthworks.
The barrow has a large well defined elongated earth and stone mound standing
1.3m high. It is 31m long, 10m wide at the south east end but tapering to 6m
at the west end. Excavations carried out by Canon Greenwell in 1877 revealed
five human burials and several flint artefacts. The remains of this excavation
can still be seen as a trench cutting across the barrow 5m from the south east
end. The mound was flanked by a ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled in
over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)
Kinnes, IA and Longworth, IH, Catalogue of the excavated material in the Greenwell collection, Catalogue of Excavated Material in the Greenwell Collection, (1985)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing