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Stone hut circle 770m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Stone hut circle 770m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

List entry Number: 1008648

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jun-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22389

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of considerable tin mining within the immediate vicinity, the stone hut circle 770m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived. As such, it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the south western part of the Moor. Only two unenclosed stone hut circle settlements survive in the Newleycombe Lake valley and this hut forms part of the eastern settlement.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the eastern edge of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, lying on a west-facing slope overlooking Newleycombe Lake. The structure is terraced into the hillside and is composed of a stone and earth wall surrounding a circular internal area. The interior of the hut circle measures 4m in diameter and the 1.6m wide wall stands up to 0.6m high. The doorway, which survives as a partly blocked gap in the surrounding wall, is lined on the east and faces south. This monument lies within an area which has been extensively mined for tin, and earthworks associated with this activity survive nearby.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE37,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

National Grid Reference: SX 59705 70007

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008648 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 09:31:35.

End of official listing