Four stone hut circles forming part of an unenclosed settlement 580m south of Leeden Tor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008669

Date first listed: 06-Jan-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Aug-1994


Ordnance survey map of Four stone hut circles forming part of an unenclosed settlement 580m south of Leeden Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 56095 71062


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle settlements on the southern slopes of Leeden Tor survive comparatively well and form part of a rich and diverse archaeological resource. Archaeological structures, features and deposits, in addition to environmental remains, will survive intact and provide an insight into settlement and agricultural practice on the western side of the moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes four stone hut circles forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on a gentle south west facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Walkham. All four huts are circular in plan and measure between 4.6m and 7.4m in diameter. The walls of the huts are composed of stone and earth and measure between 0.6m and 1m high. All four huts have slab-lined doorways.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22266

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Gerrard, S, Military mortar emplacements on Dartmoor?, (1992)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE5,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE5.1,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE6,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE6.1,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

End of official listing