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Two round barrows 600m north-west of High Gardham Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two round barrows 600m north-west of High Gardham Farm

List entry Number: 1008785

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: East Riding of Yorkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Cherry Burton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Sep-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jan-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21229

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited plough damage and partial excavation these barrows remain visible and survive reasonably well. They will retain significant information on the original form and manner and duration of their usage. They will also contribute to an understanding of the wider group of which they are members.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two Bronze Age bowl barrows, orientated east-west, part of a wider group in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. The western barrow mound is 0.35m high and 40m in diameter; the eastern mound is 0.12m high and 20m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level each barrow mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was excavated during its construction. The ditches have become in-filled over the years but survive as buried features 4m wide. Canon Greenwell, the 19th century antiquarian, investigated the western barrow in 1866. He found the cremated remains of an adult in a slight hollow beneath the mound. The western barrow appears not to have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877), 280-281
Greenwell, W, Catalogue of...the Greenwell Collection, (1985), 60
Other
737, Humberside SMR,

National Grid Reference: SE 94098 40639

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008785 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 08:18:25.

End of official listing