Prehistoric clearance cairn 950m north-west of Wardbrook Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2019 at 10:51:33.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 24626 73648
Reasons for Designation
Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones
set in a single line, or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred
metres in length. They are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments,
such as small cairns and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone
circles, and are therefore considered to have had an important ceremonial
function. The seven stone alignments known on Bodmin Moor date from the Late
Neolithic to Early Bronze Age periods (c.2400-1600 BC) and provide rare
evidence of ceremonial and ritual practices on the Moor during these periods.
Due to their rarity and longevity as a monument type, all examples that are
not extensively damaged will be considered nationally important.
This cairn has survived well, with no evident or recorded disturbance. The close proximity of the cairnfield containing this cairn to extensive Prehistoric field systems, settlement sites and other groups of cairns and its integration with them indicates their broad contemporaneity, demonstrating well the nature of agricultural practices and organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.
The monument includes a large Prehistoric clearance cairn, part of a dispersed
cairnfield of ten similar cairns including a small funerary round cairn,
situated near extensive Prehistoric field systems, linear boundaries, hut
circles and cairns on the lower western slope of the Langstone Downs on SE
The cairn survives as a small circular mound of well consolidated heaped
rubble, largely turf-covered with few exposures of the stone content. The
mound is 4m in diameter and 0.5m high. This cairn is situated at the western
side of the larger dispersed group of cairns which is arranged in a
horseshoe-shaped curve encompassing 0.75 hectare of gently sloping stone-free
land. A large circular cairn at the northern end of the group, beyond the
area of this monument, is of sufficient size and form to suggest a funerary
function. Prehistoric field boundaries and cleared plots, incorporating other
clearance cairns, extend to within 25m of this group on its SE, east and north
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Bradley, R, The Prehistoric Settlement of Britain, (1978)
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978)
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2473 SX 2474 SX 2573,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1398 (NW edge);1274 (SE edge);1287,
Qualification consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1264,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing