Bowl barrow 90m east of Twist Castle


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009113

Date first listed: 12-Nov-1928

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Aug-1994


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 90m east of Twist Castle
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Burnley (District Authority)

Parish: Briercliffe

National Grid Reference: SD 88980 33718


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre and more recent unrecorded disturbance to the monument's surface, the bowl barrow 90m east of Twist Castle survives reasonably well. This investigation located Bronze Age pottery, and further evidence of grave goods and interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on Twist Hill 90m east of Twist Castle and immediately to the west of Twist Reservoir. It includes a circular earth and stone mound 13.7m in diameter and up to 0.3m high. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre in 1889 located an intact ceramic food vessel.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23724

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Barnes, B, Man and the changing landscape, (1982), 100-1
'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in Proceedings-Stone Circles and Ancient Relicts at Extwistle, , Vol. II, (1893), 189
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
SMR No. 239, Lancs SMR, Twist Hill, (1993)
SMR No. 249, Lancs SMR, Twist Castle, Briercliffe, (1993)

End of official listing