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Moated site, associated ponds and earthworks 150m south east of Cranmore Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site, associated ponds and earthworks 150m south east of Cranmore Farm

List entry Number: 1009162

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Beverston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Feb-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Aug-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22911

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site and associated ponds, gullies and earthworks 150m south east of Cranmore Farm survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The monument is one of only a few such sites recorded in the Cotswold Hills.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site, associated earthworks, gullies and ponds situated on a gentle south-facing slope, 150m south east of Cranmore Farm, in an area of the Cotswold Hills. The moated site, which is known as Cranmore Farm Camp, is a sub-rectangular enclosure with maximum dimensions of 47m from north to south by 56m from east to west. The interior has an uneven appearance and contains three raised terraces or platforms in the south and west which range from 15m to 25m in length and which are aligned along the outer edges of the enclosure. Within the northern area there is a depression, which is `L' shaped in plan, with dimensions of 25m from east to west and 30m from north to south. This feature is likely to represent a later quarry or prospecting pit. The enclosure is defined by an outer bank 4m-5m wide and c.0.45m-0.6m in height. The bank was originally surrounded by a moat, although this has since become largely infilled. The southern arm of the moat remains visible as a low earthwork 10m-15m wide and c.0.5m deep. There are faint traces of the remaining arms of the moat, demonstrating that these survive as buried features up to 15m wide. The only entrance to the enclosure is situated on the central-eastern side of the southern bank, where there is also a corresponding causeway over the adjacent arm of the moat. It is likely that this represents an original entrance. The moated site is surrounded by other earthworks. To the north there is a broad raised terrace with dimensions of 70m from north to south and 80m from east to west. On the eastern side the terrace is marked by a low ridge running parallel to the modern field boundary. This is likely to mark the course of an earlier field boundary. On the western side of the terrace there is a bank 13m wide and c.0.45m high, orientated north-south, running for approximately 75m. This feature links the north western corner of the moated site with the group of ponds to the north. There are three ponds; all are waterfilled and vary in size from 12m by 5m to 30m by 8m. The ponds are likely to have provided water from a natural spring to the moated site by means of channels or gullies which are now infilled. Amorphous earthworks which are situated 70m north of the moated site are likely to have resulted from the deposition of upcast from the nearby ponds during dredging operations. Additional earthworks situated 25m south east of the moated site are likely to represent further ponds or waterbeds. Surface finds from the site include 12th and 13th-century pottery and a stone roofing tile which suggest that the moated site may have been occupied by a domestic residence or farmstead. The fence posts relating to the field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
AP`s showing traces of field system,
Interpretation as stockpens,
Interpretation of prospecting pit,
Mention of earlier field boundary,
Mention of entrance of site,
Mention of finds from site,
Mention of name of site,
Mention of unauthorised prospecting,
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Depiction of ponds

National Grid Reference: ST 85762 95388

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009162 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 05:54:42.

End of official listing