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Beetor Cross: the site of a wayside cross and a later, 18th century, waymarker 230m south east of Beetor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Beetor Cross: the site of a wayside cross and a later, 18th century, waymarker 230m south east of Beetor

List entry Number: 1009177

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Teignbridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: North Bovey

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 28-Oct-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24828

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking settlements, or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 110 examples of wayside crosses are known on Dartmoor, where they form the commonest type of stone cross. Almost all of the wayside crosses on the Moor take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions. All wayside crosses on the Moor which survive as earth-fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Beetor Cross is a rare example of a stone waymarker, probably dating to the 18th century, and marked with initial letters of local towns, located on the site of an earlier wayside cross which has been moved a short distance to the south. In addition to the waymarker, the monument will contain archaeological remains relating to the date and nature of the cross's construction and use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the original site of Watching Place Cross, now moved a short distance to the south, (the subject of a separate scheduling), and an 18th century waymarker. The waymarker is a tapered block of coarse granite, dressed to a rectangular shape. Three faces have initial letters of local towns cut on them. The stone is located on the road edge on the south side of a T-junction, opposite the lane leading to Chagford. It is set in limestone chippings, only 0.75m from the tarmac edge of the road, though it is separated from the road by a low kerb of stones, individually placed. The maximum visible height of the stone is 1.02m. Its base dimensions are 0.46m (south west) by 0.47m (north west) by 0.4m (north east) by 0.37m (south east). Its equivalent top dimensions are 0.28m by 0.26m by 0.26m by 0.28m. The top of the stone is rough, and may have been broken off. The south east face, which has no letters cut on it, is also rough. A triangular portion of stone, 0.44m by 0.38m by 0.3m, and about 80mm thick, is missing from the bottom of the south west face. On the north west face a letter C (for Chagford), 0.18m high, has been cut. On the north east face is cut the letter M (for Moreton), 0.15m high. On the south west face is cut the letter T (for Tavistock), also 0.15m high. The tops of the letter M and its right hand foot are seriffed. Its left hand side is plugged with cement. The two ends of the letter C are also seriffed, as is the base of the letter T.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SX 71304 84288

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 04:14:10.

End of official listing