Cairn 320m WNW of Old Stell Crag

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1009356
Date first listed:
17-Sep-1993
Date of most recent amendment:
13-Apr-1995

Map

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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Hollinghill
District:
Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Whitton and Tosson
National Park:
NORTHUMBERLAND
National Grid Reference:
NZ 02711 98534

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance to the surface this cairn survives reasonably well and will retain significant archaeological remains relating to the nature and duration of its use. Additionally it is one of a group of large prehistoric burial cairns located prominently on the summits of hills in Coquetdale and it will contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and activity in the area.

Details

The monument includes a large cairn of Bronze Age date situated on the middle of three outcrops on Simonside hill overlooking the Coquet valley. The cairn has extensive views in all directions and is a prominent landmark, clearly visible from the surrounding area. The cairn survives well; it measures 12m in diameter and stands to a height of 1m. The mound is constructed of large boulders; many of those at the surface have been moved from their original position by walkers.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
20892
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
No. 2318,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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