Round barrow south west of Uncleby Wold Barn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009387

Date first listed: 19-Aug-1992


Ordnance survey map of Round barrow south west of Uncleby Wold Barn
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kirby Underdale

National Grid Reference: SE 82217 59345


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the partial excavations of this monument and the loss of a third of the site to quarrying, the rest of the barrow survives reasonably well. Excavation revealed that the original barrow had been re-used in the Anglo-Saxon period. Such re-use is rare in the Yorkshire Wolds and significantly enhances the importance of the monument. The barrow will retain further archaeological information, including evidence for the manner in which the barrow was constructed and re-used and further burial remains.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a round barrow located on the edge of a former chalk quarry on Uncleby Wold. The barrow survives as a mound 16m in diameter and 0.9 metres high and is surrounded by a ditch which survives as a buried feature. A third of the monument, located on the south-east side, was quarried away prior to 1860. The barrow was investigated on several occasions between 1860 and 1876. This work revealed that an infilled ditch around the mound been used for the interment of twelve Bronze Age inhumations and one cremation. Subsequently a further twenty Anglo-Saxon burials were also inserted. The original mound covered a central Bronze Age grave containing four crouched burials, two pottery drinking cups, flint knives, and animal bones. Around this were four other graves each containing a single crouched burial, one accompanied by a child burial. Three further graves were inter- connected, and contained further worked flints, pottery sherds and animal bones. The Anglo-Saxon burials were accompanied by a range of grave goods including bronze brooches, coloured beads, a bronze box, an iron knife and remains of a satchel. The monument is associated with an adjacent barrow 60m to the north, a separate scheduling, which was also extensively re-used in the Anglo-Saxon period.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21059

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 113-7

End of official listing